Las 112 preguntas que te pueden llegar a hacer en el exámen de ciudadaní­a canadiense y sus posibles respuestas

Preguntas y Respuestas del Examen de Ciudadaní­a CanadienseEnví­a un participante de los foros de discusión de inmigración a Canadá una serie de preguntas posibles en el exámen de ciudadaní­a y sus posibles respuestas (las cuales, a decir verdad, no he verificado si son correctas o no).

En todo caso, el mail enviado por esta persona apunta aparte de a este cuestionario, a un recurso en Internet muy interesante para prepararse para el exámen de ciudadaní­a en Canadá… Es el site de la “Richmond Public Library” (de donde sale este cuestionario) donde a su vez hay un enlace a una página denominada “Canadian Citizenship Practice Test”

Aquellos que superamos los 1095 dí­as como Residentes Permanentes y somos mayores de 18 años de edad, ya podemos aplicar a la ciudadaní­a y esta práctica estoy seguro será de gran ayuda!! (Requisitos para aplicar a la ciudadaní­a canadiense)

1. Who are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada?
a.

The first European settlers to arrive in Canada
b.

The descendents of the first immigrants to Canada
c.

The first people to live in Canada
d.

The first settlers of Newfoundland


2. What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples?
a.

First Nations, Métis and Inuit.
b.

Acadians, Métis and Inuit.
c.

United Empire Loyalists, Métis and Inuit.
d.

Inuit, Métis and Acadians.


3. From whom are the Métis descended?
a.

The descendants of marriages between early English settlers and First Nations women.
b.

The descendents of marriages between Inuit and other Aboriginal peoples.
c.

The descendents of marriages between early French and English traders and First Nations women.
d.

The descendents of early French settlers and First Nations women.


4. Which group of Aboriginal peoples make up more than half of the population in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut?
a.

Acadians.
b.

Métis
c.

First Nations.
d.

Inuit.


5. Why are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working towards self-government?
a.

In order to secede from Canada.
b.

They are trying to regain control over decisions that affect them and manage their own affairs.
c.

So they can form more provinces.
d.

To obtain better representation in parliament.


6. Where did the first European settlers in Canada come from?
a.

France.
b.

Germany.
c.

England.
d.

Italy.


7. Why did early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?
a.

To establish agricultural communities.
b.

To escape religious persecution.
c.

To mine coal.
d.

To fish and trade with Aboriginal peoples.


8. What three industries helped early settlers build communities in the Atlantic region?
a.

Fishing, forestry and mining.
b.

Mining, farming and forestry.
c.

Farming, fishing and shipbuilding.
d.

Shipbuilding, mining and forestry.


9. Who were the United Empire Loyalists?
a.

Settlers who came to Canada from the United States during and after the American Revolution.
b.

Aboriginal peoples.
c.

Métis
d.

Inuit.


10. When did settlers from France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence River?
a.

1200s.
b.

1700s.
c.

1900s.
d.

early 1600s.


11. Which trade spread across Canada making it important to the economy for over 300 years?
a.

Hudson’s Bay trade.
b.

Mining trade.
c.

Fur trade.
d.

Ice trade.


12. What form of transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use to create trading networks in North America?
a.

Roads.
b.

Waterways.
c.

Railway.
d.

Air.


13. What important trade did the Hudson Bay Company control?
a.

Fishing.
b.

Agriculture.
c.

Fur.
d.

Oil.


14. What did the government do to make immigration to western Canada much easier?
a.

Built the Trans Canada Highway.
b.

Built the St. Lawrence Seaway.
c.

Offered cheap land.
d.

Built a railway across the Prairies to the Pacific Coast


15. What does Confederation mean?
a.

The United States Confederate soldiers came to Canada.
b.

Joining of communities to become a province.
c.

Joining of suburbs to form a large city.
d.

Joining of provinces to make a new country.


16. What is the Canadian Constitution?
a.

A system of laws and conventions by which our country governs itself.
b.

The laws that govern the provinces.
c.

The laws that formed the Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories.
d.

Municipal or local laws.


17. What year was Confederation?
a.

1867.
b.

1871.
c.

1898.
d.

1870.


18. When did the British North America Act come into effect?
a.

1871.
b.

1898.
c.

1867.
d.

1905.


19. Why is the British North America Act important in Canadian history?
a.

It was drafted by the British.
b.

It made confederation official.
c.

The Métis signed the act.
d.

It was agreed to by the Inuit.


20. Which four provinces first formed the Confederation?
a.

Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
b.

Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Alberta.
c.

Ontario, Quebec, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia
d.

Ontario, Quebec. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.


21. Which was the last province to join Canada?
a.

Newfoundland.
b.

Alberta.
c.

Saskatchewan.
d.

British Columbia.


22. When is Canada Day and what does it celebrate?
a.

June 15 of each year to celebrate the anniversary of Confederation.
b.

August 8th of each year to celebrate the joining of British Columbia to Confederation.
c.

We celebrate the anniversary of Confederation July 1st of each year.
d.

May 21st of each year to remember Queen Victoria.


23. Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada?
a.

Louis Riel.
b.

Sir John A. Macdonald.
c.

Lester B. Pearson.
d.

Abraham Lincoln.


24. Why is the Constitution Act of 1982 important in Canadian history?
a.

It allows Canada to change the Constitution without asking approval of the British Government.
b.

It allows Canadians more freedoms.
c.

It changed the immigration laws.
d.

The Queen became more involved in Canadian Government.


25. What part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians?
a.

The British Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
b.

The Canadian Charter of Rights.
c.

The Canadian Charter of Freedoms.
d.

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.


26. When did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian Constitution?
a.

1867.
b.

1905.
c.

1982.
d.

1878.


27. Name two fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
a.

Freedom of religion and freedom of speech.
b.

Equality rights and to care for Canada’s heritage.
c.

Basic freedoms and obey laws.
d.

Aboriginal peoples’ rights and to volunteer.


28. Name three legal rights protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
a.

Freedom of speech, right to not pay taxes, and right to a fair trial.
b.

Right to live and work anywhere in Canada, right to a fair trial, and right to protection against discrimination.
c.

Right to ski anywhere in Canada, right to move, and right to public assembly.
d.

Right to vote, right to live and work anywhere in Canada, and right to deliver speeches on the radio.


29. List three ways in which you can protect the environment.
a.

Work near where you live, drive to work, take a taxi.
b.

Use unleaded gas, drive a small car, travel by yourself.
c.

Compost and recycle, conserve energy and water, walk or join a car pool.
d.

Pour solvents down storm drains, leave taps running, leave lights on.


30. Who has the right to apply for a Canadian passport?
a.

Canadian citizens.
b.

Landed immigrants.
c.

Visitors.
d.

British subjects.


31. What does equality under the law mean?
a.

Being the same.
b.

Being like everyone else.
c.

Being discriminated against.
d.

Being treated with equal dignity and respect, and having equal rights to speak out and express ideas.


32. Name six responsibilities of citizenship.
a.

Get a job, make money, raise a family, pay taxes, mow your lawn, vote.
b.

Vote, join a political party, get a job, obey the law, drive safely, pick up litter.
c.

Care for the environment, don’t litter, pay taxes, obey the law, help others, respect others.
d.

Vote, help others, care for our heritage and environment, obey Canada’s laws, respect the rights of others, eliminate injustice.


33. Give an example of how you can show responsibility by participating in your community.
a.

Mind your own business.
b.

Have a party.
c.

Keep your property tidy.
d.

Join a community group.


34. What is Canada’s system of government called?
a.

Dictatorship.
b.

Parliamentary government.
c.

Military Rule.
d.

Communism.


35. List four rights Canadian citizens have.
a.

Right to have a job, vote, drive, go to school.
b.

Right to go to school, work, have a bank account, travel.
c.

Right to travel, live anywhere, work anywhere, get married.
d.

Right to be educated in either official language, vote, apply for a Canadian passport, enter and leave Canada freely.


36. What will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship?
a.

Pledge allegiance to the Queen, observe the laws of Canada and fulfill the duties of a Canadian.
b.

Pledge to be faithful to the Queen.
c.

Promise to observe the laws of Canada.
d.

Fulfill duties as a Canadian citizen.


37. What are the two official languages of Canada?
a.

English and Métis.
b.

Inuit and French.
c.

English and French.
d.

English and Inuit.


38. Give an example of where English and French have equal status in Canada.
a.

In schools.
b.

In the workplace.
c.

In the Parliament of Canada.
d.

At City Hall.


39. Where do most French-speaking Canadians live?
a.

Ontario.
b.

Nova Scotia.
c.

Quebec.
d.

Prince Edward Island.


40. Which province has the most bilingual Canadians?
a.

British Columbia.
b.

Prince Edward Island.
c.

Nova Scotia.
d.

Quebec.


41. Which province is the only officially bilingual province?
a.

New Brunswick.
b.

Quebec.
c.

Ontario.
d.

Prince Edward Island.


42. What does the Canadian flag look like?
a.

Red and white with provincial emblems.
b.

Red and white with a beaver.
c.

White with a red border on each end and a red maple leaf in the centre.
d.

Red with a white maple leaf.


43. What song is Canada’s national anthem?
a.

God Save the Queen.
b.

O Canada.
c.

Star Spangled Banner.
d.

Amazing Grace.


44. What are the first two lines of Canada’s national anthem?
a.

O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command.
b.

O Canada! Our province and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command.
c.

O Canada! From far and wide, O Canada, We stand on guard for thee.
d.

O Canada! We stand on guard for thee.


45. From where does the name “Canada” come?
a.

From the Inuit word meaning country.
b.

From the French word meaning joining.
c.

From the Métis word meaning rivers.
d.

From “kanata”, the Huron-Iroquois word for village.


46. Which animal is an official symbol of Canada?
a.

The moose.
b.

The hawk.
c.

The beaver.
d.

The deer.


47. What is the tower in the centre of the Parliament buildings called?
a.

The Tower.
b.

Peace Tower.
c.

Peace Centre.
d.

Flag Tower.


48. What is the population of Canada?
a.

About 20 million.
b.

38 million.
c.

17 million.
d.

About 31 million.


49. What three oceans border Canada?
a.

Atlantic, Arctic and Bering.
b.

Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific.
c.

Pacific, Indian and Atlantic.
d.

Hudson, Pacific and Atlantic.


50. What is the capital city of Canada?
a.

Ottawa.
b.

Toronto.
c.

Montreal.
d.

Hull.


51. What are the provinces of Central Canada and their capital cities?
a.

Manitoba (Winnipeg) and Ontario (Toronto).
b.

Quebec (Quebec City) and Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown).
c.

Ontario (Toronto) and Quebec (Quebec City).
d.

Saskatchewan (Regina) and Manitoba Winnipeg).


52. What are the provinces of the Atlantic region and their capital cities?
a.

Nova Scotia (Halifax), New Brunswick (Fredricton), Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown) and Quebec (Quebec).
b.

Newfoundland (St. John’s), Nova Scotia (Halifax), New Brunswick (Fredericton) and Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown).
c.

Newfoundland (St. John’s), Nova Scotia (Halifax), New Brunswick (Fredericton) and Quebec (Quebec).
d.

Nova Scotia (Halifax), New Brunswick (Frederiction), Quebec (Quebec City)and Ontario (Toronto).


53. Which political party is in power in British Columbia?
a.

New Democratic Party.
b.

Liberal Party.
c.

Social Credit Party.
d.

Green Party.

Question about your region


54. What are the Prairie provinces and their capital cities?
a.

Alberta (Edmonton) and Saskatachewan (Regina).
b.

Alberta (Edmonton), Saskatchewan (Regina) and Manitoba (Winnipeg).
c.

Saskatchewan (Regina) and Manitoba (Winnipeg).
d.

Saskatchewan (Regina), Manitoba (Winnipeg) and Ontario (Toronto).


55. What are the territories of Northern Canada and their capital cities?
a.

Alaska (Juneau) and Yukon Territory ( Whitehorse).
b.

Northwest Territories (Yellowknife) and Alaska (Juneau).
c.

Northwest Territories (Yellowknife).
d.

Yukon Territory (Whitehorse), Northwest Territories (Yellowknife), and Nunavut (Iqaluit).


56. Name the five regions of Canada
a.

Midwest, North, South, East, Central
b.

Maritimes, Ontario, Quebec, Prairies and British Columbia
c.

Atlantic, Central, Prairie, West Coast and North
d.

West, Central, East, Prairies and Territories


57. Which region covers more than one-third of Canada?
a.

Central Canada.
b.

Prairies.
c.

Atlantic Canada.
d.

Northern Canada.


58. Where do more than half of the people in Canada live?
a.

Central Canada.
b.

Prairies.
c.

Atlantic Canada.
d.

Northern Canada.


59. One third of all Canadians live in which province?
a.

Quebec.
b.

Ontario.
c.

Northwest Territories.
d.

Manitoba.


60. Where are the Canadian Rockies?
a.

Coastal British Columbia.
b.

On the border between British Columbia and Alberta.
c.

Alberta.
d.

Quebec.


61. Where are the Great Lakes?
a.

Between Canada and the United States
b.

Manitoba.
c.

Northern Quebec.
d.

Atlantic Canada.


62. Which mountain range is on the border between Alberta and British Columbia?
a.

Coastal Range.
b.

Columbia Mountains.
c.

Laurentian Mountains.
d.

Rocky Mountains.


63. Where are the Parliament Buildings located?
a.

Ottawa.
b.

Quebec City.
c.

Hull.
d.

Toronto.


64. Which country borders Canada on the south?
a.

United States of America.
b.

Central America.
c.

Mexico.
d.

Washington.


65. Which province in Canada is the smallest in land size?
a.

Nova Scotia.
b.

Prince Edward Island.
c.

Yukon Territory.
d.

Newfoundland and Labrador.


66. What is a major river in Quebec?
a.

Fraser River
b.

St. Lawrence River
c.

Niagara
d.

Hudson’s Bay.


67. On what date did Nunavut become a territory?
a.

July 1st, 1867
b.

April 1st, 1999
c.

June 24th, 1995
d.

March 31st, 1949


68. What are the three main types of industry in Canada?
a.

Natural resources, tourism and service industries..
b.

Tourism, services and manufacturing.
c.

Natural resources, tourism and manufacturing.
d.

Natural resources, manufacturing and services.


69. In what industry do most Canadians work?
a.

Natural resources
b.

Tourism.
c.

Service.
d.

Manufacturing.


70. What country is Canada’s largest trading partner?
a.

Mexico.
b.

United States of America.
c.

China.
d.

Japan.


71. Which region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?
a.

Atlantic provinces.
b.

Prairie provinces.
c.

Central Canada.
d.

West Coast.


72. Which region of Canada is known for both its fertile agricultural land and valuable energy resources?
a.

British Columbia.
b.

Prairie provinces.
c.

Ontario.
d.

Manitoba.


73. Who is Canada’s Head of State?
a.

Governor General of Canada.
b.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
c.

Prime Minister.
d.

Lieutenant Governor.


74. Who is the Queen’s representative in Canada?
a.

Prime Minister of Canada.
b.

Premier.
c.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
d.

Governor General of Canada.


75. What is the name of the Governor General?
a.

Adrienne Clarkson.
b.

Elizabeth May.
c.

Dalton McGuinty.
d.

Michaí«lle Jean


76. What do you call the Queen’s representative in the provinces?
a.

Premier.
b.

Member of the Legislative Assembly.
c.

Lieutenant-Governor.
d.

Senator.


77. What are the three parts of Parliament?
a.

The Queen, Governor General and Prime Minister.
b.

The House of Commons, the Legislative Assembly and the Senate.
c.

The Queen, the Legislative Assembly and the Senate.
d.

The Queen, the House of Commons and the Senate.


78. What do you call a law before it is passed?
a.

A New law.
b.

A Proposed law.
c.

A Bill.
d.

A New proposal.


79. How are Members of Parliament chosen?
a.

Appointed by the Prime Minister.
b.

Elected by Canadian citizens.
c.

Appointed by the Queen.
d.

Elected by the Provincial Ministers.


80. Who do Members of Parliament represent?
a.

All of the Canadians living in the north.
b.

Only Canadians living in Central Canada.
c.

Everyone who lives in his or her electoral district.
d.

Canadians living in the province in which he/she was elected.


81. How does a bill become a law?
a.

The Lieutenant Governor must approve the bill.
b.

Approval by a majority in the House of Commons and Senate and finally the Governor General.
c.

The Queen must sign the bill.
d.

Approval by the Members of the Legislative Assembly.


82. What are the three levels of government in Canada?
a.

Federal, Provincial/Territorial, Municipal or Local.
b.

Federal, Provincial and City.
c.

Federal, Territorial and Provincial.
d.

Federal, State and Local.


83. Name two responsibilities of the federal government.
a.

National defence and firefighting.
b.

National defence and foreign policy.
c.

Citizenship and highways.
d.

Recycling and education.


84. Name two responsibilities of a provincial or territorial government.
a.

National defence and highways.
b.

Policing and firefighting.
c.

Education and health care.
d.

Policing and citizenship.


85. Name two responsibilities of municipal (or local) governments.
a.

Snow removal and recycling.
b.

Recycling and education.
c.

Taxation and firefighting.
d.

Parks and highways.


86. What is the government of all of Canada called?
a.

National assembly.
b.

Legislature.
c.

Federal.
d.

Council.


87. How many electoral districts are there in Canada?
a.

20.
b.

308.
c.

178.
d.

59.


88. Who has the right to vote in federal elections?
a.

A Canadian citizen, 18 years or older and on voters list.
b.

A Canadian citizen, 18 years or older and must work for the federal government.
c.

A landed immigrant, 18 years old and a memberof the Canadian Forces.
d.

A Canadian citizen, over 25 years and a member of the Canadian Forces.


89. What three requirements must you meet in order to vote in a federal election?
a.

Canadian citizen, 18 years or older and on the list of electors.
b.

Canadian citizen, 21 years or older, and on the list of electors.
c.

Living outside of Canada for less than 5 years, Canadian and 21 years old.
d.

Working for the federal government, Canadian forces or other organization, 21 years, and Canadian.


90. What is written on a federal election ballot?
a.

The list of candidates running for Prime Minister.
b.

The names of the candidates in your electoral district in alphabetical order from “A” to “Z”.
c.

The list of Canadians eligible to vote.
d.

The results of the election.


91. What do you mark on a federal election ballot?
a.

The candidate’s name.
b.

The number for the candidate.
c.

An “X”
d.

The voter’s name.


92. How is the government formed after a federal election?
a.

The party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power. The Queen chooses the Prime Minister from this party
b.

The party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power. The leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister.
c.

The Governor General picks a party and a Prime Minister to run the government.
d.

Each province elects one representative to form the government. The Queen then chooses the Prime Minister.


93. How is the Prime Minister chosen?
a.

The Queen appoints the Prime Minister.
b.

The Governor General with the Senate appoint the Prime Minister
c.

The leader of the party with the most elected representatives becomes the Prime Minister.
d.

The MP’s vote on the Prime Minister


94. When does an election have to be held according to the Constitution?
a.

About every 4 years.
b.

Within 5 years of the last election.
c.

Whenever the Prime Minister calls the election.
d.

When the MP’s want a new Prime Minister.


95. Name all the federal political parties in the House of Commons and their leaders
a.

Conservative (Harper), NDP (Layton), Liberal (Dion), Bloc Quebecois (Duceppe)
b.

Conservative (Harper), Green (May), Liberal (Martin), Bloc Quebecois (Duceppe)
c.

NDP (Layton), Green (May), Liberal (Dion), Bloc Quebecois (Duceppe)
d.

Liberal (Dion), Conservative (Harper), NDP (Layton), Green (May)


96. Which party becomes the Official Opposition?
a.

The party with the second most MP’s.
b.

The party receiving the least votes.
c.

Any independent candidate.
d.

The party the Prime Minister selects.


97. What is the role of the Opposition parties?
a.

To assist the Prime Minister.
b.

To sign bills.
c.

To oppose or try to improve government proposals.
d.

To put forward bills to be passed.


98. Which party is the Official Opposition at the federal level?
a.

The New Democratic Party.
b.

The Liberal Party.
c.

The Independent Party.
d.

The Conservative Party.


99. What is the name of the Prime Minister of Canada and his/her party?
a.

Stephane Dion (Liberal Party).
b.

Stephen Harper (Conservative Party).
c.

Jack Layton (New Democratic Party).
d.

Gordon Campbell (Liberal Party).


100. What is a voter information card?
a.

Tells you who the candidates are in your electoral district.
b.

Tells you what province to vote in.
c.

A form that tells you when and where to vote.
d.

A form that lets you know your voting time.


101. Who has the right to run as a candidate in federal elections?
a.

Anyone.
b.

A Canadian citizen who is 16 years old.
c.

Any man who is at least 18 years old.
d.

Any Canadian citizen who is at least 18 years old.


102. Whom do Canadians vote for in a federal election?
a.

The best speaker running in the election.
b.

A candidate they want to represent them in Parliament.
c.

Someone to become the Premier.
d.

All of the candidates in their electoral district.


103. What do political parties do?
a.

Share ideas about how government should work.
b.

Prepare the celebration after the election.
c.

Liaise with the provincial governments.
d.

Liaise with the Queen.


104. Which federal political party is in power?
a.

Green Party.
b.

New Democratic Party.
c.

Liberal Party.
d.

Conservative Party.


105. How are Senators chosen?
a.

By the Governor General of Canada.
b.

By the Premiers of all provinces.
c.

Appointed by the Queen.
d.

They are chosen by the Prime Minister and appointed by the Governor General.


106. What should you do if you do not receive a voter information card telling you when and where to vote?
a.

Go to the police station.
b.

Call your Member of Parliament.
c.

Assume you cannot vote.
d.

Call Elections Canada or visit their website.


107. After a federal election, which party forms the new government?
a.

The party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power
b.

The Queen picks a party to run the government.
c.

The Governor General proposes a law for elected officials to become the governing body.
d.

The Premiers of each province pick a party to run the government


108. What is the name of the Premier of British Columbia?
a.

Premier Gordon Campbell.
b.

Premier David Anderson.
c.

Premier Ujjal Dosanjh.
d.

Premier Gordon Wilson.

Question about your region


109. What is the name of the leader of the Opposition in British Columbia?
a.

Gordon Wilson.
b.

David Anderson.
c.

Carole James.
d.

Gordon Campbell.

Question about your region


110. What is the name of the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia?
a.

David Lam.
b.

Iona Campagnolo
c.

Adrienne Clarkson.
d.

Steven Point

Question about your region


111. What is the capital city of British Columbia?
a.

Vancouver.
b.

Prince George.
c.

Victoria.
d.

New Westminster.

Question about your region


112. Which three natural resources are important to British Columbia’s economy today?
a.

Forests, water and grain crops.
b.

Forests, fish and water.
c.

Fish, oil and water.
d.

Coal, water and shipbuilding

Pic from http://www.fanousimmigration.com

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